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"Exploring Post-Grommet Complications: What You Need to Know"

 Navigating Postoperative Complications of Grommet Insertion: A Comprehensive Guide Grommet insertion, a standard surgical procedure to alleviate symptoms of middle ear disorders, can sometimes be accompanied by postoperative complications. Among these, one of the most frequently encountered issues is otorrhea or ear discharge. Understanding the nature of postoperative complications and their management is crucial for patients and healthcare providers. Types of Otorrhea Postoperative otorrhea manifests in various forms, including early, delayed, chronic, and recurrent. Early otorrhea occurs within four weeks of surgery, while delayed otorrhea surfaces four or more weeks post-surgery. Chronic otorrhea persists for three months or longer, while recurrent otorrhea involves three or more discrete episodes. Studies suggest that ear discharge after grommet insertion affects a significant proportion of patients, with rates varying from 16% to as high as 80%. Prophylactic Measures and Treatmen

Why do I get nose bleeds?







What is nose bleed or epistaxis?
Inside of the nose is lined by mucosa which is very rich in blood vessels. One of the main functions of the nose is to humidify the air we breathe in and out.  Humidication is naturally achieved by mucous cells lining the nose. Blood vessels can become weak due to dryness, high pressure behind the vessels or hormonal changes.

What are different kinds of nose bleeds?
In simple terms, one can have an anterior nose bleed or posterior nose bleed. Anterior nose bleed is when most of the blood comes out through the nostril and some you spit out. Posterior nose bleed is when you spit most of the blood and little comes out through nostril.

Why do children have nose bleeds?
It is very common for children between 2 to 10 to have nose bleeds.
Dry weather during summers and dry air indoors during winters due to heating tends to dry nasal mucosa. Dry nasal mucosa, in turns, makes it itchy for children to rub their nose and lead to nose bleeds. It is also common for children with allergies to have nose bleeds. In some cases, children can get a nose bleed due to trauma.

What to do when children get a nose bleed?
The first thing to do is "keep calm." Make the child sit on a chair and slightly lean forward. Ask them to breathe through the mouth and then gently pinch the soft part of the nose for 10 mins. You can use some ice on the forehead.  You should see your GP if your child has frequent nose bleeds. The child may need to be seen by an ENT specialist for examination and management.



What happens when an ENT specialist sees children for the nose bleeds?

Typically ENT specialist will take a full detailed history and use a special camera to examine the nose to look for the site of nose bleed. He may recommend simple measures like managing allergy, using an antibiotic cream or emollient, using saline drops or spray. If this does not work, then he may recommend nasal cauterization. 

Nasal cauterization is a procedure performed on nasal mucosa using a chemical stick or electrical cautery to stop the bleeding.

If performed under local anaesthetic, the surgeon will spray the inside of the nose with decongestant and anaesthetic medication.

Medication will numb the nose in a couple of minutes. After this, with a special chemical stick, the surgeon will apply the chemical on the bleeding point. The whole procedure takes 15-20 minutes and can be done in the clinic on the same day of consultation. 

In some cases, the surgeon may recommend the procedure to be done in theatre under general anaesthetics. 

After the nasal cautery, the child can still have some spotting. You will be advised to continue with nasal cream and saline drops for two weeks. In case the child gets nose bleeds from both nostrils, the surgeon may decide to do the worse side first and manage the other side after a few weeks.

Why do teenager boys get nose bleeds?
All teenager boys, if they get one-sided nose bleed need to be seen by ENT surgeon for camera examination of the back of the nose.
Endoscopy is done to rule out vascular swelling at the back of the nose.


Why is a nose bleed common during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, the body tends to retain more water and have hormonal changes. Hormonal changes can have an impact on the lining of the nose, making it more prone to nose bleed.

Why do adults get a nose bleed?
Like children, adults can also get nose bled due to dry nose, allergy and sinusitis. In some cases, high blood pressure or nasal tumour (cancerous or non-cancerous) can cause a nose bleed. 
If you are taking blood thinners, it is good to have a discussion with your GP for alternative blood thinners.
If you get a one-sided nose bleed, with/ without facial pain, with/without nasal obstruction, with/ without eye pain, you need to be seen by ENT specialist for urgent nasal endoscopy and scanning of the nose to rule out a nasal tumour.


Mr Gaurav Kumar
Consultant Ear Nose Throat Surgeon

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Call 07494914140

info@entsurgeonclinic.co.uk

Helping patients with specialist expertise and kindness


Disclaimer: For general information, always seek medical advice from your treating consultant


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